Brown Swiss cattle
It’s easy to understand why Brown Swiss cattle (or Braunvieh) are such a popular dairy breed.
These beautiful brown cows have been around for hundreds (perhaps even thousands) of years and their rugged, mountainous native home has brought the characteristics of strength, robustness and longevity to the fore.
Brown Swiss produce good quality milk (and volume), protein and butter fat making the breed an excellent choice for both milk and cheese producers. Indeed, Brown Swiss cattle produce the best fat to protein ratio of any dairy breed for most cheese production. Good meat output means that the Brown Swiss can also be used for beef purposes.
The breed has a quiet, docile temperament and is renowned for their role when crossed with other dairy or beef breeds – improving the production and strength of the parent breed.
Brown Swiss dairy cattle were developed from Braunvieh beef cattle. The latter was always an exceptional milking beef breed and the best of these were selected to breed for milk production. From this, the Brown Swiss was born.
Today, the Brown Swiss is one of the most popular dairy breeds in the world. It can be found in over 60 countries ranging from the tropics to alpine regions. Over 8 million cattle are registered and the world population is estimated to be in excess of 14 million.
Brown Swiss cattle – Characteristics
Brown Swiss continue producing in the herd until they are 12 to 15 years old. They mature later than many other breeds and their inherent strength allows them to lead long, productive lives. Braunvieh bulls develop quickly and can be fertile breeders at 12 to 14 months old.
Data from the US Meat Animal Research Center shows that Braunvieh and Braunvieh cross females can rebreed and calve on a regular basis. They milk sufficiently to produce heavy calves at weaning. They also benefit from much higher calve survival and fertility rates (10 – 15% in both instances).
Braunvieh cows typically weigh 500 – 680 kilos. Mature bulls 800 – 1100 kilos. Their moderate size and inherent ability to grade choice means that Braunvieh and Braunvieh cross cattle can be harvested from a feedlot situation at a live weight. This eliminates days on feed other breeds may take to reach market condition.
If you are interested in purchasing Brown Swiss, please get in touch.
Brown Swiss cattle for sale and much more
Please contact our friendly team on 00353 87 257 6434 to discuss your requirements.