Galloway cattle are one of the oldest and purest breeds. Named after the Galloway region of Scotland, for centuries this ancient breed went unnamed – only being referred to as the black cattle of Galloway.
Galloway cattle facts
The breed dates back to the 17th century. Then, Galloway cattle were sold extensively to English farmers who used to fatten them up before sending them to market. Their flavoursome beef is still in great demand today and the Galloway can now be found all over the world.
This is an extremely hardy breed, able to live off the poorest land. The Galloway is renowned for its insulating coat of hair. Indeed, tests show that the Galloway ranks second to the buffalo in hair density. This incredible insulation means the Galloway does not layer on excessive outside fat.
Galloway cattle characteristics
Galloway cattle are mainly black with a brownish tinge. They are also bred in dun and black or dun belted. Their coats are long and wavy. The outer layer protects from wind and rain while the soft undercoat provides further waterproofing and insulation. The breed is polled.
Galloway cattle are a medium sized breed. Cows reach around 560 kilos in weight, mature bulls up to 1000 kilos. Calf birth weights average 35 kilos and the breed is known for its easy calving.
Steers and heifers yield high quality beef on low finishing rations. The beef is low in saturated fat and high in both Omega 3 and Omega 6.
Galloway cattle temperament
Galloway are renowned for their longevity. Cows can produce for more than 20 years. They are maternal and produce a good supply of milk.
Excellent foragers, the breed consumes a huge variety of flora. The Galloway can fit into any system. Cows can thrive on low cost winter rations and rough grazing in summer. The breed is docile and courageous. Galloway cattle are known to team up to attack predators.
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