Ketosis is a metabolicstate in which the body burns fat for energy instead of glucose from carbohydrates. As a result of this, the body produces ketones, which are used as an alternative fuel source. The causes of ketosis are: fasting, low-carbohydrate diets, or certain medical conditions such as diabetes. In livestock farming, ketosis can occur in dairy cows when their energy demandsexceed their energy intake. For more information, please read our article 'Ketosis in cattle'.
Strategies to prevent ketosis in cattle
Strategies to prevent ketosis include:
Provide a well-balanced diet - adequate amounts of digestible carbohydrates, proteins and fat
Increase feed intake gradually (dry to lactation period). This can help prevent a negative energy imbalance
Ensure cows consume enough dry matter to meet their energy requirements
Supplementationwith rumen-protected choline
Reduce stress. Avoid overstocking and provide clean, comfortable housing.
The early signs of ketosis are a reduced appetiteand a decrease inmilk production.